Normalization: Understanding Your RO Membrane Conditions

  • 10 August 2021
  • Author: Robert Lynch
  • Number of views: 1757
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Normalization: Understanding Your RO Membrane Conditions

Reverse Osmosis (RO) is a water treatment technology that separates dissolved contaminants from water by using specially-designed membranes. RO membranes are semi-permeable which only allow “pure” water to permeate through them while removing the vast majority of dissolved solids from the feedwater stream. RO applications can include drinking water production, power generation, steam boiler pretreatment, wastewater treatment, and the manufacturing of beverage, semiconductor, and pharmaceutical products.

How to Properly Size an Industrial Water Softener

  • 3 November 2020
  • Author: Kevin Blake
  • Number of views: 2996
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How to Properly Size an Industrial Water Softener

Water softeners are ion exchange systems designed to remove scale-forming calcium and magnesium ions prior to boiler, cooling, and reverse osmosis systems. Many different sizes and configurations of softeners are available, with selection based upon factors such as water quality, system demand, and the overall application. In industrial applications, it is imperative that a properly sized softener is selected to ensure that hardness is not allowed to pass to critical system components. Both over and under-sized softeners can result in serious problems due to hard water in these systems.

Understanding Industrial Filtration

A Guide to Media Types

  • 17 September 2019
  • Author: Chem-Aqua, Inc
  • Number of views: 3108
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Understanding Industrial Filtration

Waters from all over the world may contain suspended solids, microorganisms, and other unwanted contaminants that can cause damage to water systems. Heat exchangers, boiler tubes, cooling tower fill, system piping, etc. can become fouled without proper filtration. This results in a reduction in energy efficiency and increased maintenance repair costs.

How to Calculate Softener Capacity

  • 18 June 2019
  • Author: Chem-Aqua, Inc
  • Number of views: 46877
  • 0 Comments
How to Calculate Softener Capacity

Water softeners are ion exchange systems designed to remove scale-forming calcium and magnesium ions prior to boiler, cooling, and reverse osmosis systems. The amount of hardness a softener can remove between regenerations is known as the softener capacity and can be expressed either in grains or in gallons. Capacity is important when sizing, configuring, or troubleshooting a softener.

How Reverse Osmosis Works

From Design to Cleaning

How Reverse Osmosis Works

Reverse osmosis (RO) produces high-purity water for use in many applications, including low and high pressure boilers, manufacturing processes, cleaning, and ultrapure water systems. RO offers numerous benefits that can save water, fuel, operating costs, labor, and more. Understanding how it works will help in the selection, maintenance, and operation of RO systems.

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